Parashat Chayei Sarah Study Guide
Text: Bereshit 25:1-9
1 And Avraham took another wife, and her name was Keturah. 2 And she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah … 5 And Avraham gave all that he had to Yitzhak. 6 And to the children of the concubines that Avraham had Avraham gave gifts and he sent them away from Yitzhak his son while he was still living, eastward, to the country of the east. 7 And these are the days of the years of the life of Avraham which he lived: one hundred and seventy-five years. 8 And Avraham breathed his last and died in a good old age, old and sated, and was gathered to his people. 9 And his sons Yitzhak and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah…
- We rarely think of Avraham’s six children by Ketura. Why do you think that this list was included? Note that among them is Midian, the father of the nation of Zipporah, Moshe’s wife.
- The Torah states that Avraham gave all he had to Yitzhak, while giving gifts to the children of the concubines. What do you think that each of them received? What is the difference between “gifts” and “all he had”?
- Who buries Avraham? Why is this significant?
Commentary: Radak on Bereshit 25:5
Avraham gave – he distributed his wealth during his lifetime to forestall quarrels about his inheritance after his death.
All that he had to Yitzhak – he had appointed Yitzhak as his heir… Anything the other sons received was in the nature of “gifts,” not “inheritance.”
- What is the difference between “gifts” and “inheritance”? Why is it significant that only Yitzhak becomes an heir?
- Besides wealth, what other inheritance might the children quarrel about after Avraham’s death? How does sending them away from the area impact our understanding of what Avraham might be leaving for Yitzhak?
Commentary: Rashi on Bereshit 25:5
And Avraham gave – R. Nehemiah said, he gave him the blessings as a legacy. The Holy One, blessed be He, had said to Avraham (12:2) “Be a blessing” – the blessings are entrusted to you that you may bless whomsoever you please; and Avraham transferred them to Yitzhak (cf. Genesis Rabbah 61:6).
- According to Rashi’s reading, what is “all that he had” that Avraham gave Yitzhak? How do “gifts” differ from “inheritance”? What “inheritance” have you received from generations before you?
- In the midrash from which Rashi took this reading, R. Judah suggests that Avraham gave Yitzhak the “bechorah” – first born rights. Why do you think that Rashi did not opt for this reading? What light does the next parashah, along with this passage, shed on the dynamics of conflicts over the bechorah (first born rights) and berachah (blessing)?
See more: Parashat Chayei Sarah
Originally posted as part of the Conservative Yeshiva at the Fuchsberg Jerusalem Center’s Torah Sparks. Support Torah learning from the Fuchsberg Jerusalem Center/Conservative Yeshiva for leaders and seekers around the world here.