Parashat Bereshit Study Guide
Text: Bereshit 2:1-3
1 And the heaven and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God finished His work which He had made; and He ceased on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. 3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it; because that in it He ceased from all His work which God in creating had made.
- This section speaks of the seventh day, the Shabbat, what is the relationship of Shabbat to the rest of the creation? Is it part of the creation?
- Presumably, God does not need rest; so why does God need to cease from work? What is the value of such [in]activity?
- This text is the opening for Kiddush on Friday night. While there are several other mentions of Shabbat in the Torah (mainly the mitzvah to observe it), this text, in which humans are not mentioned, was chosen. Why might that be?
Midrash Bereshit Rabbah 2:3
R. Levi in the name of R. Yose son of R. Hanina said: Any day in which a deficiency might occur, a blessing is written there, and then it is not lacking a thing. On the fifth day birds and fish were created, and people slaughter and eat birds… a blessing was written there and then it is not lacking a thing…
- What deficiency could be associated with Shabbat causing God to promise a blessing to guarantee that it will not lack?
- Is the blessing filling the void with a replacement identical in nature to what was taken away? Are there situations in which the replacement is different in nature? What might be the benefit of replacing something with a different (rather than identical) thing?
Commentary: Radak on Bereshit 2:3
And God Blessed – A blessing is the addition of what is good. The Shabbat has the addition of the good of the soul, for the soul has a rest on this day from the occupations of this world and can occupy itself in wisdom and the word of God. God blessed it and sanctified it when he commanded the Children of Israel to cease [from work] on it and sanctify it.
- How does Radak understand the meaning of a blessing? What is the relationship of his understanding to that of Midrash Bereshit Rabbah?
- What additional good is provided on Shabbat? Why do you think that Radak was careful not to suggest a physical good?
- How does the blessing and sanctity of the Shabbat manifest itself in the world according to Radak? How does it manifest itself to you? How do you make it blessed and sanctified?
See more: Parashat Bereshit
Originally posted as part of the Conservative Yeshiva at the Fuchsberg Jerusalem Center’s Torah Sparks. Support Torah learning from the Fuchsberg Jerusalem Center/Conservative Yeshiva for leaders and seekers around the world here.